5 Important Acne Skin Care Steps
A breakout of acne is typically caused by clogged pores, excess production of sebum, which is natural oil in the skin or it may be an inherited problem. Good skin care is the most important way to maintain healthy skin. One of the main things that many people do is over-cleanse their skin, which can actually cause more damage to the skin and delay the healing of acne. Following these five steps will get you started on your way to clear, healthy skin.
There is a right way and a wrong way to cleanse one’s skin with acne. Avoid the temptation to scrub, instead it is best to gently clean your skin with either your fingertips or a soft clean washcloth. When washing your face it is important to cleanse the areas around your face as well, including the neck, jawline and around the ears. Use a cleanser that is gentle. Rinse well with lukewarm water and pat dry, do not rub and let the skin dry thoroughly before moving to the next step. Cleanse your face once in the morning and again before bedtime.
Once your face has completely dried, apply a toner. Use a cotton ball or a soft cotton pad and gently wipe the face and neck to help remove excess oil, makeup and residue from the cleanser. Most toners and astringents contain alcohol, so if the toner dries your skin too much, switch to an alcohol-free toner or skip using a toner.
The best medication for acne are those that have been prescribed by your dermatologist. Over-the-counter medications and creams may work, but they typically do not provide the strength of medication that is needed to completely eradicate acne. Wait about 20 minutes after the toner has dried before applying medications. Gently glide the cream over your skin, avoid rubbing too hard as this can irritate the skin and cause more breakouts. Allow the medication to completely absorb in the skin.
It is common to think that applying moisturizer will only aggravate acne, but actually it replenishes the skin with moisture that is lost during cleaning and using toner. The moisturizer should be oil-free and applied after the skin is completely dry. Moisturizer should be applied twice each day, once in the morning and once before bedtime.
Do Not Touch
It is important to avoid touching your face unnecessarily. When applying makeup, use a soft, clean sponge and avoid pinching or picking at pimples. Picking at pimples can cause the bacteria to spread as well as scarring.
It is important to visit your dermatologist on a routine basis, especially if you aren’t seeing noticeable results with current acne medications. If you are taking any other prescription medications they may interfere with the acne medications ability to work correctly and certain medications may cause breakouts, so be sure to talk to your dermatologist about any medications you are taking.